Adverse Effect of Bundle Branch Block on Exercise Performance in Patients with Fontan Physiology: From the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Public Data Set.

Meziab O; Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology), University of Arizona,  Tucson, AZ, 85724, USA.
Dereszkiewicz E; Guerrero CE; Hoyer AW; Barber BJ; Klewer SE; Seckeler M;

Pediatric cardiology [Pediatr Cardiol] 2024 May 09.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2024 May 09.

Patients with Fontan physiology have reduced exercise performance compared to their peers as well as a higher incidence of bundle branch block (BBB). This study aims to investigate the association between BBB and exercise performance in the Fontan population through a retrospective review of the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan study public use dataset. “Low Performers” were defined as ≤ 25th percentile (for Fontan patients) for each exercise parameter at anaerobic threshold (AT) for gender and age and “Normal Performers” were all other patients. A total of 303 patients with Fontan physiology who underwent exercise testing reached AT and had complete data for BBB. BBB occurred more frequently in Low Performers for VO 2 [OR (95% CI): 2.6 (1.4, 4.8)] and Work [OR (95% CI): 2.7 (1.4, 5.1)], suggesting that BBB in the Fontan population is associated with reduced exercise performance. This data adds to the existing clinical evidence of the adverse effects of conduction abnormalities on single ventricle cardiac output and adds support for consideration of cardiac resynchronization and multi-site ventricular pacing in this patient population.

(© 2024. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.)