Calculation of Oxygen Uptake during Ambulatory Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Stephan H; Department of Sports Medicine, University of Wuppertal, Moritzstraße 14, 42117 Wuppertal, Germany.
Klophaus N; Wehmeier UF; Tomschi F; Hilberg T;

Journal of clinical medicine [J Clin Med] 2024 Apr 12; Vol. 13 (8).
Date of Electronic Publication: 2024 Apr 12.

Background : Cardiopulmonary exercise testing is not used routinely. The goal of this study was to determine whether accurate estimates of VO 2 values can be made at the beginning and at the end of a rehabilitation program.
Methods : A total of 91 cardiac rehabilitation patients were included. Each participant had to complete cardiopulmonary exercise testing at the beginning and at the end of a rehabilitation program. Measured VO 2 values were compared with estimates based on three different equations.
Results : Analyses of the means of the differences in the peak values showed very good agreement between the results obtained with the FRIEND equation or those obtained with a combination of rules of thumb and the results of the measurements. This agreement was confirmed with the ICCs and with the standard errors of the measurements. The ACSM equation performed worse. The same tendency was seen when considering the VO 2 values at percentage-derived work rates.
Conclusions : The FRIEND equation and the more easily applicable combination of rules of thumb are suitable for estimating the peak VO 2 and the VO 2 at a percentage-derived work rate in cardiac patients both at the beginning and at the end of a cardiac rehabilitation program.