Cognitive impairment in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Heller S; See C; Singh I; Fredericks CA;

Annals of clinical and translational neurology [Ann Clin Transl Neurol] 2023 Aug 07.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Aug 07.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive pulmonary vascular remodeling with resultant abnormal increase in pulmonary artery pressure and right heart dysfunction. There is evidence that PAH includes cognitive impairment. However, the cognitive impairment syndrome has not been well described, and both the underlying mechanism and the relationship between cardiopulmonary and cognitive dysfunction in PAH are unknown. We performed cognitive evaluations and same day sub-maximum cardiopulmonary exercise testing on adult subjects with PAH. A frontal-subcortical syndrome suggestive of vascular cognitive impairment was found in 26% of subjects and was associated with noninvasive markers of pulmonary vascular remodeling.