Determinants of Anaerobic Threshold at Each Stage of Renal Dysfunction in Patients With Heart Disease.

Ogura A;  (Cardiovascular Stroke Renal Project (CRP), Hyogo, Japan.)
Izawa KP; Tawa H; Wada M;Kanai M; Kubo I; Makihara A; Yoshikawa R; Matsuda Y;

The American journal of cardiology [Am J Cardiol] 2023 Sep 07; Vol. 205, pp. 387-392.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Sep 07.

Patients with heart disease have a low anaerobic threshold (AT), and the determinants of AT may differ, depending on the severity of renal dysfunction. This study aimed to verify the determinants of AT for each stage of renal function in patients with heart disease. We consecutively enrolled 250 patients with heart disease who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing in our institution. The patients were divided into 3 groups by their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR): <45, 45 to 59, and ≥60 ml/min/1.73 m 2 . A multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to evaluate the independent determinants of AT for each group. In total, 201 patients were analyzed. AT decreased with the deterioration of renal function (eGFR <45, 10.9 ± 2.1 vs eGFR 45 to 59, 12.4 ± 2.5 vs eGFR ≥60, 14.0 ± 2.6 ml/min/kg, p <0.001). In the eGFR <45 group, left ventricular ejection fraction and hemoglobin were significantly associated with AT (β = 0.427, p = 0.006 and β = 0.488, p = 0.002, respectively). In the eGFR 45 to 59 and ≥60 groups, ΔP ET O 2 (end-tidal oxygen partial pressure from rest to AT) showed a significant association with AT (β = 0.576, p <0.001 and β = 0.308, p = 0.003, respectively). The determinants of AT depended on the stage of renal dysfunction in patients with heart disease. In conclusion, in the eGFR <45 group, the determinants of AT were left ventricular ejection fraction and hemoglobin, whereas in the eGFR 45 to 59 and eGFR ≥60 groups, the determinant of AT was ΔP ET O 2 .