Effect of carvedilol on heart rate response to cardiopulmonary exercise up to the anaerobic threshold in patients with subacute myocardial infarction.

Nemoto S; Kasahara Y; Izawa KP; Watanabe S; Yoshizawa K; Takeichi N; Kamiya K; Suzuki N; Omiya K; Matsunaga A; Akashi YJ;

Heart And Vessels [Heart Vessels] 2019 Jan 02. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Jan 02.

Resting heart rate (HR) plus 20 or 30 beats per minute (bpm), i.e., a simplified substitute for HR at the anaerobic threshold (AT), is used as a tool for exercise prescription without cardiopulmonary exercise testing data. While resting HR plus 20 bpm is recommended for patients undergoing beta-blocker therapy, the effects of specific beta blockers on HR response to exercise up to the AT (ΔAT HR) in patients with subacute myocardial infarction (MI) are unclear. This study examined whether carvedilol treatment affects ΔAT HR in subacute MI patients. MI patients were divided into two age- and sex-matched groups [carvedilol (+), n = 66; carvedilol (-), n = 66]. All patients underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing at 1 month after MI onset. ΔAT HR was calculated by subtracting resting HR from HR at AT. ΔAT HR did not differ significantly between the carvedilol (+) and carvedilol (-) groups (35.64 ± 9.65 vs. 34.67 ± 11.68, P = 0.604). Multiple regression analysis revealed that old age and heart failure after MI were significant predictors of lower ΔAT HR (P = 0.039 and P = 0.013, respectively), but not carvedilol treatment. Our results indicate that carvedilol treatment does not affect ΔAT HR in subacute MI patients. Therefore, exercise prescription based on HR plus 30 bpm may be feasible in this patient population, regardless of carvedilol use, without gas-exchange analysis data.