Functional outcome in contemporary children and young adults with tetralogy of Fallot after repair.

Hock J; Häcker AL; Reiner B; Oberhoffer R;Hager A; Ewert P; Müller J;

Archives Of Disease In Childhood [Arch Dis Child] 2018 Jul 03. Date of Electronic Publication: 2018 Jul 03.

Objective: Functional outcome measures are of growing importance in the aftercare of patients with congenital heart disease. This study addresses the functional status with regard to exercise capacity, health-related physical fitness (HRPF) and arterial stiffness in a recent cohort of children, adolescents and young adults with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) after repair.
Design: Single-centre, uncontrolled and prospective cohort study.
Setting: Outpatient department of the German Heart Centre Munich; July 2014-January 2018.
Patients: One hundred and six patients with ToF after repair (13.5±3.7 years, 40 females) were included. Data were compared with a recent cohort of healthy controls (HCs) (n=1700, 12.8±2.6 years, 833 females).
Main Outcome Measures: Patients underwent a symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise test, performed an HRPF test (FitnessGram) and had an assessment of their arterial stiffness (Mobil-O-Graph).
Results: Compared with HC, patients with ToF showed lower predicted [Formula: see text]O2 peak (ToF: 80.4% ± 16.8% vs HC: 102.6% ± 18.1%, p<0.001), impaired ventilatory efficiency (ToF: 29.6 ± 3.6 vs HC: 27.4 ± 2.9, p<0.001), chronotropic incompetence (ToF: 167 ± 17 bpm vs HC: 190 ± 17 bpm, p<0.001) and reduced HRPF (ToF z-score: -0.65 ± 0.87 vs HC z-score: 0.03 ± 0.65, p<0.001). Surrogates of arterial stiffness, central and peripheral systolic blood pressure, did not differ between the two groups.
Conclusions: Contemporary children, adolescents and young adults with ToF still have functional limitations. How impaired HRPF and limited exercise capacity interact and how they can be modified needs to be evaluated in further intervention studies.