Limited usefulness of resting hemodynamic assessments in predicting exercise capacity in hypertensive patients.

Kurpaska M; Krzesiński P; Gielerak G; Uziębło-Życzkowska B;

Journal of human hypertension [J Hum Hypertens] 2020 Jun 25. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Jun 25.

Reliable assessments of reduced exercise capacity based on resting tests are one of the major challenges in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between hemodynamic parameters obtained via resting tests (echocardiography and impedance cardiography (ICG)) and objective parameters of exercise capacity assessed via cardiopulmonary exercise testing and exercise ICG in patients with controlled arterial hypertension (AH). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS), diastolic function parameters (e’, E/A, E/e’), cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), and systemic vascular resistance index were evaluated for any correlations with selected parameters of exercise capacity, such as peak oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) and peak CO in 93 people with AH (mean age 54 years, 47 women). Statistically relevant correlations occurred between indices of exercise capacity (peak VO 2 ; peak CO) and only the following hemodynamic parameters: diastolic blood pressure (R = 0.23, p = 0.026; R = 0.24, p = 0.021; respectively), e’ (R = 0.32, p = 0.002; R = 0.24, p = 0.027), E/e’ (R = 0.35, p < 0.001; ns), E/A (R = 0.23, p = 0.030; R = 0.21, p = 0.047), SV at rest (ns; R = 0.24, p = 0.019), and CO at rest (ns; R = 0.21, borderline p = 0.052). No significant correlations between the exercise capacity parameters and either LVEF or GLS were observed. No hemodynamic parameter proved to be an independent correlate of either peak VO 2 or peak CO. The association between hemodynamic parameters at rest and parameters of exercise capacity was weak and limited to selected parameters of diastolic function. Exercise capacity assessment in patients with AH based on resting tests alone is insufficiently reliable and should be supplemented with exercise tests.