Poor right ventricular function is associated with impaired exercise capacity and ventilatory efficiency in transthyretin cardiac amyloid patients.

Bartolini S; Baldasseroni S; Fattirolli F; Silverii MV; Piccioli L; Perfetto F; Di Mario C; Martone R; Taborchi G;
Morini S; Cappelli F;

Internal and emergency medicine [Intern Emerg Med] 2020 Sep 12. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Sep 12.

CardioPulmonary Exercise Test (CPET) is the gold standard to evaluate functional capacity in patients at high risk of heart failure (HF). Few studies with a limited number of subjects and conflicting results, analyzed the role of CPET in patients with systemic amyloidosis. Aims of our study were the assessment of the response to exercise in patients with Transthyretin amyloid (ATTR) cardiomyopathy (CA), and the correlation of clinical, biohumoral and echocardiographic parameters with CPET parameters, such as VO 2 peak and VE/VCO 2 slope. From February 2018 to March 2019, 72 cardiac ATTR patients were prospectively enrolled and underwent a complete clinical, biohumoral, echocardiographic and CPET assessment. All patients completed the exercise stress test protocol, without any adverse event. At CPET, they achieved a mean VO 2 peak of 14 mL/Kg/min and a mean VE/VCO 2 slope of 31. The blood pressure response to exercise was inadequate in 26 (36%) patients (flat in 25 and hypotensive in 1), while 49/72 patients (69%) showed an inadequate heart rate recovery. In multivariate analysis, s’ tricuspidalic was the only independent predictor of VO 2 peak, while in the two test models performed to avoid collinearity, both TAPSE and s’ tricuspidalic were the strongest independent predictors of VE/VCO 2 slope. Our data demonstrate the role of right ventricular function as an independent predictor of exercise capacity and ventilatory efficiency in ATTR. In CPET evaluation, a significant proportion of patients presented an abnormal arterial pressure response and heart rate variation to exercise.