Reliability of maximum oxygen uptake in cardiopulmonary exercise testing with continuous laryngoscopy.

Engan M; Hammer IJ; Bekken M; Halvorsen T; Fretheim-Kelly ZL; Vollsæter M; Bovim LPV; Røksund OD; Clemm H;

ERJ open research [ERJ Open Res] 2021 Feb 15; Vol. 7 (1). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 15 (Print Publication: 2021).

Aims: A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is the gold standard to evaluate symptom-limiting exercise intolerance, while continuous laryngoscopy performed during exercise (CLE) is required to diagnose exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction. Combining CPET with CLE would save time and resources; however, the CPET data may be distorted by the extra equipment. We therefore aimed to study whether CPET with CLE influences peak oxygen uptake ( VO 2 peak) and other gas exchange parameters when compared to a regular CPET.
Methods: Forty healthy athletes without exercise-related breathing problems, 15-35 years of age, performed CPET to peak exercise with and without an added CLE set-up, in randomised order 2-4 days apart, applying an identical computerised treadmill protocol.
Results: At peak exercise, the mean difference (95% confidence interval) between CPET with and without extra CLE set-up for VO 2 peak, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), minute ventilation ( VE ) and heart rate (HR) was 0.2 (-0.4 to 0.8) mL·kg -1 ·min -1 , 0.01(-0.007 to 0.027) units, 2.6 (-1.3 to 6.5) L·min -1 and 1.4 (-0.8 to 3.5) beats·min -1 , respectively. Agreement (95% limits of agreement) for VO 2 peak, RER and VE was 0.2 (±3.7) mL·kg -1 ·min -1 , 0.01 (±0.10) units and 2.6 (±24.0) L·min -1 , respectively. No systematic or proportional bias was found except for the completed distance, which was 49 m (95% CI 16 to 82 m) longer during CPET.
Conclusion: Parameters of gas exchange, including VO 2 peak and RER, obtained from a maximal CPET performed with the extra CLE set-up can be used interchangeably with data obtained from standard CPET, thus preventing unnecessary additional testing.