Responses to exercise training in patients with heart failure. Analysis by oxygen transport steps.

Legendre A; Moatemri F; Kovalska O; Balice-Pasquinelli M; Blanchard JC; Lamar-Tanguy A; Ledru F; Cristofini P;
Iliou MC;

International journal of cardiology [Int J Cardiol] 2021 Feb 08. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 08.

Background: Exercise training (ET) increases exercise tolerance, improves quality of life and likely the prognosis in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). However, some patients do not improve, whereas exercise training response is still poorly understood. Measurement of cardiac output during cardiopulmonary exercise test might allow ET response assessment according to the different steps of oxygen transport.
Methods: Fifty-three patients with HFrEF (24 with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and 29 with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) had an aerobic ET. Before and after ET program, peak oxygen consumption (VO 2peak ) and cardiac output using thoracic impedancemetry were measured. Oxygen convection (QO 2peak ) and diffusion (DO 2 ) were calculated using Fick’s principle and Fick’s simplified law. Patients were considered as responders if the gain was superior to 10%.
Results: We found 55% VO 2peak responders, 62% QO 2peak responders and 56% DO 2 responders. Four patients did not have any response. None baseline predictive factor for VO 2peak response was found. QO 2peak response was related to exercise stroke volume (r = 0.84), cardiac power (r = 0.83) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR peak ) (r = -0.42) responses. Cardiac power response was higher in patients with ICM than in those with DCM (p < 0.05). Predictors of QO2 peak response were low baseline exercise stroke volume and ICM etiology. Predictors of DO 2 response were higher baseline blood creatinine and prolonged training.
Conclusion: The analysis of the response to training in patients with HFrEF according to the different steps of oxygen transport revealed different phenotypes on VO 2peak responses, namely responses in either oxygen convection and/or diffusion.