Comparison of Cardiorespiratory Fitness between Patients with Mitral Valve Prolapse and Healthy Peers: Findings from Serial Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing.

Chung JH; Tsai YJ; Lin KL; Huang MH; Chen GB; Tuan SH;

Journal of cardiovascular development and disease [J Cardiovasc Dev Dis] 2023 Apr 13; Vol. 10 (4).
Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Apr 13.

ndividuals with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) have exercise intolerance even without mitral valve regurgitation. Mitral valve degeneration may progress with aging. We aimed to evaluate the influence of MVP on the cardiopulmonary function (CPF) of individuals with MVP through serial follow-ups from early to late adolescence. Thirty patients with MVP receiving at least two cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPETs) using a treadmill (MVP group) were retrospectively analyzed. Age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy peers, who also had serial CPETs, were recruited as the control group. The average time from the first CPET to the last CPET was 4.28 and 4.06 years in the MVP and control groups, respectively. At the first CPET, the MVP group had a significantly lower peak rate pressure product (PRPP) than the control group ( p = 0.022). At the final CEPT, the MVP group had lower peak metabolic equivalent (MET, p = 0.032) and PRPP ( p = 0.031). Moreover, the MVP group had lower peak MET and PRPP as they aged, whereas healthy peers had higher peak MET ( p = 0.034) and PRPP ( p = 0.047) as they aged. Individuals with MVP had poorer CPF than healthy individuals as they develop from early to late adolescence. It is important for individuals with MVP to receive regular CPET follow-ups.