Reproducibility of cardiopulmonary exercise testing between one after and 1-3 weeks after elective percutaneous coronary intervention.

Tanaka R; Division of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation, Okayama Heart Clinic, Okayama, Japan.
Waki I; Kamikawa S; Yamashita D; Tabita N; Nishimura S; Higashiya S; Yamaji H; Murakami T; Kusachi S;

Journal of exercise rehabilitation [J Exerc Rehabil] 2023 Oct 25; Vol. 19 (5), pp. 268-274.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Oct 25 (Print Publication: 2023).

Prompt prescription and early initiation of exercise training are essential for patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We hypothesized that cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters determined the day after elective PCI during hospitalization would not differ from those obtained 1-3 weeks post-PCI in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD).
CPET was performed the day after and 1-3 weeks (13±4.6; 7-21 days) after PCI. CPET was performed with a bicycle ergometer up to the ventilatory aerobic threshold (VAT) on the day after PCI. Symptom-limited CPET was conducted 1-3 weeks after PCI. No complications arose from the tests. There were no significant differences in %VAT (next day: 88.6±16.7 vs. 1-3 weeks later: 91.4%±18.7%), the workload at the VAT (51.8±11.0 W vs. 52.9± 11.6 W), heart rate (HR) at the VAT (95.3±105 beats/min vs. 94.1±11.3 beats/min), or metabolic equivalent (METs) at the VAT (3.69±0.69 vs. 3.84±0.78) between the two sessions. The slope of linear regression for two repeated measurements was close to 1 (%VAT, 1.02; workload at the VAT, 0.95; METs at the VAT, 1.03), except for HR (0.70). Bland-Altman plots revealed the reproducibility of all four CPET measurements between the two sessions. In conclusion, CPET up to the VAT can be performed safely 1-day post-PCI in patients with stable CHD. CPET parameters do not significantly differ between testing performed the day after and 1-3 weeks after PCI. Next-day CPET during hospitalization after PCI may enable prompt exercise prescription without the need for another CPET 1-3 weeks later.