Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing: The ABC for the Clinical Cardiologist. [Review]

Triantafyllidi H; Birmpa D; Benas D; Trivilou P; Fambri A; Iliodromitis EK

Cardiology. 147(1):62-71, 2022.

BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the most
comprehensive technique which allows a holistic approach to
cardiopulmonary diseases.

SUMMARY: This article provides basic information addressed to the
Clinical Cardiologist regarding the utility and the indications of the
CPET technique in the everyday clinical practice. Clinical application of
CPET continues to evolve and protocols should be adapted to each specific
patient to obtain the most reliable and useful information. Key Messages:
Clinical Cardiologists with an interest over CPET may become familiar with
this exercise method and its main measured variables, refresh their
knowledge regarding the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of oxygen
transport chain, learn how to interpret the CPET results and promote
appropriate patient referrals to experts.