Effect of Constant vs. Variable Moderate-Intensity Load on Peak Oxygen Uptake in Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Saeki H; Kuramoto M; Iida Y; Yasumura K; Arita Y; Ogasawara N;

Circulation reports [Circ Rep] 2023 Mar 31; Vol. 5 (5), pp. 167-176.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2023 Mar 31 (Print Publication: 2023).

Background: In outpatient center-based cardiac rehabilitation (O-CBCR), moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) based on the anaerobic threshold (AT) determined by cardiopulmonary exercise stress testing is recommended. However, it is unclear whether differences in exercise intensity within the MICT domain affect peak oxygen uptake (%peakV̇O 2 ).
Methods and Results:
We retrospectively evaluated patients who underwent O-CBCR at Japan Community Healthcare Organization Osaka Hospital. Those treated with the constant-load method were designated as Group A (n=38), whereas those treated with the variable-load method were designated as Group B (n=48). Although the change in exercise intensity was significantly greater in Group B by approximately 4.5 W, the change in %peakV̇O2 was not significantly different between groups. Group A had a significantly longer exercise time than Group B (by approximately 4-5 min). No deaths or hospitalizations occurred in either group. The percentage of episodes with exercise cessation was similar between the 2 groups, but the percentage of episodes with load reduction was significantly higher in Group B, mostly because of the increased heart rate.
Conclusions: In supervised MICT based on AT, the variable-load method increased exercise intensity more than the constant-load method without severe complications, but did not improve %peakV̇O2 .