Effects of sitagliptin on exercise capacity and hemodynamics in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease.

Fujimoto N; Moriwaki K; Takeuchi T;  Sawai T; Sato Y; Kumagai N; Masuda J; Nakamori S; Ito M; Dohi K;

Heart And Vessels [Heart Vessels] 2019 Oct 22. Date of Electronic Publication: 2019 Oct 22.

Sitagliptin attenuates left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and may improve oxygen uptake in animals. The effects of sitagliptin on oxygen uptake (VO2) and exercise hemodynamics have been unclear in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Thirty patients with T2DM and CAD were randomized into a sitagliptin (50 mg/day) or voglibose (0.6 mg/day) group. Patients underwent maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. VO2 and hemodynamics were evaluated at rest, anaerobic threshold and peak exercise. Resting LV diastolic function (E’, peak early diastolic mitral annular velocity) and geometry were evaluated by echocardiography, and endothelial function by reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry. A total of 24 patients (69 ± 9 years) completed 6 months of intervention. Peak VO2 in the sitagliptin and voglibose groups (25.3 ± 7.3 vs. 24.0 ± 7.4, 22.7 ± 4.8 vs. 22.1 ± 5.2 ml/kg/min) was slightly decreased after 6 months (time effect p = 0.051; group × time effect p = 0.49). No effects were observed on LV ejection fraction, E’, or reactive hyperemia index in either group. Heart rate during exercise was unaffected in both groups. Systolic blood pressure was unchanged by sitagliptin at rest and during exercise, but slightly lowered by voglibose at anaerobic threshold and peak exercise. In patients with T2DM and CAD, sitagliptin had little effect on resting LV and arterial function, exercise capacity, or exercise hemodynamics. Further studies need to be conducted with more patients as the number of the patients in this study was limited.