Ercin DOZ; Alkan H; Findikoglu G; Dursunoglu N; Evyapan F; Ardic F
Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention [J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev] 2020 Jul; Vol. 40 (4), pp. 268-275.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the supervised pulmonary rehabilitation programs consisting of either an interval or continuous aerobic exercise program, with a home-based exercise program in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were overweight or obese.
Methods: In this randomized controlled study, 72 overweight and obese patients diagnosed as having COPD were randomly assigned to 3 groups. Group 1 received an interval-type (IT) aerobic exercise program, group 2 received a continuous-type (CT) aerobic exercise program (both groups performed home exercises as well) and group 3 was only given a home-based exercise (HE) program. For the evaluation of patients, anthropometric measures, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), 6-min walk test (6MWT), modified-Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue scores, St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were used.
Results: Both IT and CT groups showed significant improvement on CPX parameters, 6MWT distances, mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared with the HE group in overweight and obese patients with COPD (P < .001). Moreover, the IT group demonstrated a significant decrease in the modified-Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue during the CPX compared with both CT and HE groups (P < .001). Furthermore, the Borg dyspnea and leg fatigue during training were lower in the IT group than in the CT group (P < .05).
Conclusions: An interval or continuous aerobic exercise program added onto a home-based exercise program improved exercise capacity and HRQoL, and reduced anxiety and depression levels in overweight and obese patients with COPD.