Obese patients with long COVID-19 display abnormal hyperventilatory response and impaired gas exchange at peak exercise.

Lacavalerie MR; Pierre-Francois S; Agossou M; Inamo J; Cabie A; Barnay JL; Neviere R;

Future cardiology [Future Cardiol] 2022 Jun 06.
Date of Electronic Publication: 2022 Jun 06.

Aim: To analyze the impact of obesity on cardiopulmonary response to exercise in people with chronic post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) syndrome.
Patients & methods: Consecutive subjects with chronic post-COVID syndrome 6 months after nonsevere acute infection were included. All patients received a complete clinical evaluation, lung function tests and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. A total of 51 consecutive patients diagnosed with chronic post-COVID-19 were enrolled in this study.
Results: More than half of patients with chronic post-COVID-19 had a significant alteration in aerobic exercise capacity (VO 2 peak) 6 months after hospital discharge. Obese long-COVID-19 patients also displayed a marked reduction of oxygen pulse (O 2 pulse).
Conclusion: Obese patients were more prone to have pathological pulmonary limitation and pulmonary gas exchange impairment to exercise compared with nonobese COVID-19 patients.